Gulen is reminiscent of the great master Rumi did not speak the doctrine of the causes to ignore, do not sit around and wait for the light-hearted God’s favor, but we constantly exercise this world in broken transform a world of peace and justice, in accordance with the will God. He does not know the reality through the back versa modernity denying nor fall into bitterness, incomprehension and anger. His message is basically a message of peace and hope, a message that will be better transferred to the statue of our souls.
Before the great changes of the “Arab Spring” in 2011, it was the sectarian rivalry between Shia and Sunni, which employs most of the Middle East political analysis. Growing tensions and occasional clashes between believers of the two main strands of Islam have great concerns. Upheavals in the Shiite area of influence had changed the relationship: the Iranian revolution of 1979 changed the Iranian Shia politics and implications for regional Shiite communities, while the Anglo-American invasion of Iraq in 2003 began a new phase of the tension in Shia Sunni relations.
The specter of a sectarian war in Iraq, a diplomatic and military offensive against Hezbollah and Iran possibly nuclear weapons (with support from Tehran for Hamas) urged King Abdullah II of Jordan to warn of arising “Shiite crescent”. But away from these great geopolitical movements, the Sunni Shia relations through a network of local connections, regional and global reformulated.
This book presents a wide and current research that sheds light on the political, sociological and ideological processes that raises the dynamics within and affect the relations between Shiites and Sunnis worlds. Among the topics the ideological and dogmatic developments instead, contextualization of the main protagonists of political practice, transnational networks and the role of intellectuals, religious scholars and the media in the education and information of this dynamic relationship, and gives deep understanding of Shia and Sunni difference.
The critical confrontation between Shiite and Sunni Muslims in the future of the Middle East.
All Islamic movements are for most Western eyes is equal, and the central conflict in the Middle East is between religion and secularism. Written shockingly little about the violent divide between Shiites Muslims and Sunnis Muslims and the difference between Shia and Sunni. But without understanding their previous conflicts and its modern incarnation in the power struggle between Iran and Saudi Arabia for the spiritual and political leadership of the Muslim world, it is impossible to understand events through the so-called Shiite crescent, from East Africa through Iraq and Pakistan to India where there are a numerous numbers of Shia Muslims.
The provocateur of Ayatollah Khomeini the rise, which is not to overthrow Saudi pressure on the US to Saddam Hussein in 1991, the crucial role of Ayatollah Sistani and the religious establishment in Najaf (Iraq), the volatility of Pakistan today, and consequences which the conversion to the Shiism power through American intervention all this and more is discussed in the light of the Shias/Sunni divide.
Given the recent concern about the Sharia as proposed legislation, the United States and conflicts regarding the role they prohibit play in the new Egyptian constitution, confused many people the importance of Sharia in Islam and its role in today’s world. In Reasoning with God, declared renowned Islamic scholar Khaled Abou El Fadl is not only what really Sharia means especially to Sunnis, but also how can to revive it again and again. reengage contemporary Islam.
After a prologue, which provides an essential overview of Sharia, Abou El Fadl explores the moral trajectory of Islam in the world today. Weaving powerful personal stories with broader global examples, he shows how certain interpretations of Islam today have undermined its potential in peace and love. However, rather than simply describe challenges started constructive suggestions about how Muslims can reengage the ethical traditions of their faith by the Sharia.
As the world’s second largest religion, Islam remains an important force on the world stage. Reasoning with God takes the reader on Muslims and non-Muslims about superficial understanding of the Sharia to a deeper understanding of its importance and potential.
The discussions on the reform of the famous Madrasa Al-Azhar in Cairo nineteenth century (one of the most influential centers of religious learning in Sunnism) were very influential for Islamic thought of the twentieth century.
In this book, Indira Gesink argues that the stories of these debates overemphasize the role of the famous modernist like Muhammad ‘Abduh, obscures important issues.
By restoring conservative voice to the debate, it shows that conservative clerics committed ‘ulama engaged many of the same questions, the reformer and committees that have been created and implemented reforms line; Finally, the Conservative leader has in Al-Azhar crucial legitimacy provided anchored for the reforms in public life.
Based on obscure but important archival sources to the important contributions of the conservative scholars who illustrate Sunni Islam to change the twentieth century, the Islamic Reform and Conservatism is important for everyone who is modern in the Middle East, history of religion, secularism, modernity and religious reform.
The birth of the Prophet Muhammad (Mawlid) in the middle ages have been featured in popular stories and ceremonies, the agendas and aspirations of ordinary religious Muslims, including women expressed.
This book examines the Mawlid its beginnings until today, providing new insights into how an aspect of daily Islamic piety was transformed by modernity. The book provides a window on the religious life of medieval Muslim women, rather than relying on the limitations that were placed on them, and shows how popular medieval Islam was consistent and meaningful, not just a series of deviations scientific standards.
Concise both the historical and textual analysis, this book is an important contribution to our understanding of contemporary Muslim devotions and is of great interest to doctoral students and researchers of Islam, religious studies and medieval studies, and especially for the Sunni definition studies.